Monthly Archives: August 2018

The Lumix LX 100 Mrk II – Panasonic Follow Sony’s Strategy

With today’s launch of the mark II  LX 100 from Panasonic, it seems a lot of people are disappointed and not going to be replacing their LX100 original anytime soon, But they are kind of missing the point completely.

I like it. A mark II rather than a new distinct product, l.ike the imaginatively divised LX200 could have been. I don’t recall Panasonic having done this before, but it has long been used by Sony in their benchmark RX100, which is around the same ballpark as the LX100 i.e. an enthusiast’s compact. They are following Sony’s communication and product lifecycle management pretty much to the ‘t’,  in sticking to the ‘form factor’ . Like Sony’s iterations of the RX,  most of the hardware and human interface are still there, same old same old, so panasonic are evolving the camera rather than revolutionising it.

Within panasonic there is though going to have to be internal conflict because the product managers were allowed to reveal that the LX100 uses an mFT chip, all be that cropped in on a smaller light circle from the obviously more compact lens. They must surely be worried about cannibalisaiton of their mFT compacts and furthermore, lenses because as fast a zoom lens as this from their range costs twice as much as the outgoing price tag on the ‘100.

In effect this is an update, a minor upgrade, a getting up to where mFT cameras are these days with a higher resolution mFT sensor which is reported to demonstrate lower noise characteristics. A touch screen is added, and the rest it seems are very minor new features.

Amongst these new features which will work emmenently well with a touch screen, are two new focus modes. One is focus stacking, very useful in macro photography and hopefully also when you are doing things like HDR montage using a wide open lens to build up a landscape or street shot with a marked depth of field from very near the camera to infinity. Within the set up for then what is focus bracketing, which I presume builds a single image vis a vis stacking, availability in RAW outputther is probably absent. In addition to stacking,  they have perhaps thrown in ‘post focus’ based on the same software as stacking.  ‘Post Focus’  I am presuming is essentially an autobracketing of various focal points as single images, and you then touch select which area of the photo you want in focus most, and that image is chosen on screen and the others duly deleted. A bit like poor man’s light field camera. This is actually a really useful feature for things like foliage in the way, and candid shots of people when there is movement and varied light. As I say though, this probably isnt very fancy pants,  because it will be no doubt restricted to jpeg output, and wont work in combination with for example exposure bracketing, which could make for some really cool macro and HDR shots.

While on consumery stuff, never having used much filter in camera myself, there is an improved BW choice there, and I wonder if they have done anything with their HDR mode, because it was pretty rubbish and you are better off exposure bracketing and using either your home PC ‘s weapon of choice, or even some on line offerings for merging layered exposures. I quite like my HDR Mode on my mobile, it suits a roughly 35 mm lens with foreground and a lighter background working good enough for social media.

The dust devil is maybe addressed with this camera, but the so called bete noire of the LX100, is actually a pretty common bug bear on compacts with zooms and medium sized sensors. Not that it ISNT a concern and that it ISNT always easy to get a service job by Panny where you may actually live.


Disappointments for me personally are that they havnt stretched the focal length of the glass to 90mm. I would then like a sister camera with a range of say 40mm-200mm which could be a bit bulkier, but is based on the same sensor and user interface. Or maybe they should do a video optimised version in a different body?

Another little pandering to the phillistines in the LX100 is the digital zoom, which is only useable if you want to document something happen, like the martian invasion three houses up the street. The mark II will have much better digital zoom in the portrait and sports critical focal range of 90 to 120 mm, due to the higher resolution sensor.  So I am guessing without having done the maths, that around 100mm crop zoom will be the same resolution as the LX100 at 75mm full optical legnth (?) .  Now that is very useful for portraits, and any loss of blurry background can be made up with layering those post focus shots in your software at home.

With a price point to maybe try and keep to, guessing around €/$ 750-950 at launch, then why need to retool the whole production line, when you can upgrade and entertain new buyers who are downsizing from APS-C DSLRS or upsizing from their mobile phones?  The three big main asks from the moaners in internetland are tilt screen, weather and dust sealing and a longer reach lens, and all of those require majore retooling and alterations to the supply chain.

Why change a winning formula? Sony hasn’t done it with the RX100, Canon had the 5D, and now Olympus are also at it. It says something to the market, that this brand is so strong a franchise of qualities that we are sticking to it. Also it allows for a fancy assed, and may I remind the bitches and flamers, larger camera, with a mic jack point and a big super zoom lens and a whippy, flippy screen etc etc . Not a bad camera, just not an elegant, jacket pocket one.

I hope people who are disappointed with the Lx100 Mark II  stop in the evolution of a very good camera, and just go off and buy one of the APS-C offerings from CaniFujiKon or who ever makes them. I dont need a tilt screen.

2HFVA Nøkkel Læring II Helse GH1

Behovsirkelen  / Behovspyramide

Fysiske, Psykiske, Sosiale og Åndelig Behov

Psykiske behov – øverst er TRYGGHET  –

  • TRYGGHET følelser at fare eller andre trusler er fraværende.  Følelse av å være tatt vare på og i stand til å takle utfordringer.
  • KJÆRLIGHET  – og OMSORG av familie, venner eller hjelpepleiere
  • INKLUSJON  – å bli sett og hørt i familie, sosiale krets og inkluderte i samfunnet

Sosiale Behov  –

  • RESPEKT I KRETS OG SAMFUNNET- besøk av familie og venner, kontakt utenom besøk, å bli i et nettverk av mennesker,

Åndelig og Kulturell Behov

  • Trosfrihet – rett til å praksisere troen din
  • Å føle felleskap og at begevelse og meninger bidrar til positive virkninger i sammfunnet  ( tro og politikk )
  • Delta i og erfarer kulturelle begivenheter
  • Erfarer det estetiske i kunst og musikk

Maslows behovspyramide viser at fysiologiske (dvs biologisk) behov er grunnlaget for liver og danner bunnen av pyramidet.  Ovenfor det kommer våre behov for trygghet som husly, så sosiale og så kultrurelle, og på toppen er det anerkjennelse for våre tilværelse og bidrag til samfunnet eller familien og krets, og så selv realisering gjennom yrket, det sosiale eller gjennom tro.


Ytre Rammeverk rundt våre livet.

Objektive og nokså bestemt som en forutsetning.

Trygghet skapt av felleskapet. Samfunnets systemer, lover, moralske grunnlag og sosiale velferd og tilbud.

Økonomi – muligheter for arbeid og tilrettelagt systemer for tilgang til bolig , velferdstjenester osv.

Demokratiske Lovverket, politi og rettsystemet. Brannvesenet og Helsevesenet. Rett til skolegang og videre Utdanning og sosiale tjenester.  Tilrettelagte muligheter for trening og fritidsaktiviteter.


Livskvalitet er mer subjektiv enn levekårene man befinner seg i.

Livskvalitet er hva enkelte mennesker mener og opplever som positive eller negative i sine liv.

God livskvalitet dreier seg om trivsel i hverdagen. Det er å oppleve livet ditt som noe godt med glede og mestring når det gjelder utfordringer eller ferdigheter.

Det er bygget på personlige omstendigheter og følelser

  • Å være Aktiv
  • Å ha sosiale relasjoner
  • Å ha positive selvfølelser og selvbilde
  • Å kunne få glede fra livets hverdagen alt ovenfor

Personlighet er en del av det som bidrar til livskvalitet.

Livskvalitet kan måles ved bruk av spørreskjemaet og observasjon. Skandinaviske land og andre land med statlige ordning for velferd dvs høye levekår formidlet av staten i en  demokarti, er de høyeste når livskvalitet måles.

Mennesker med sykdom eller nedsatt funksjon kan opplever forholdsvis bra livskvalitet og å opprettholde en så god livskvalitet som mulig,  er et stort formål i helsepleie, vernepleie og omsorgsarbeid generelt.

Levekår og Livskvalitet?

Livskvalitet er mer subjektiv enn levekårene man befinner seg i.

Livskvalitet påvirkes ofte av Levevilkår i et samfunn, men enkelte kan mene eller erfare negative påvirkninger fra samfunnets regelverk som ellers er til felles godt.

Noen kan mistrives til tross for at det finns veldig bra levekår i deres samfunn. Livskvalitet  er bygget på personlige omstendigheter og følelser . Det er da basert på hvordan man som enkelte opplever livet innenfor levekårene omkring.

Gode muligheter for helsetilbud, skolering, videre utdanning og jobb bidrar veldig til livskvalitet.

Livskvalitet kan måles blant annet ved bruk av spørreskjemaer. Skandinavisk land og andre land hvor staten har gode ordninger for utdanning, helsetjenester og hvor det er lav arbeidsledighet og fattigdom, er høyeste i poengsum år etter år i flere store undersøkelser som utføres av anerkjent organisasjoner.  Dermed er det en klar sammenheng mellom levekår, velferd og de enkeltes livskvalitet.








Week 34 2HVFA Nøkkel Læring

Hva Betyr God Helse ?

Fysisk, Mentalt og Sosial velvære

Mestring av Livets Utfordring

Å være i god helse betyr ikke at  alt av sykdom og ubehag er fraværende. Man kan bli utsatt for sykdom eller reduserte fysisk funksjon med høy alder, men fortsatt ellers være  i god helse.

WHO definere tre punkter om det at man har fysisk, mental og sosial velvære når man ser bort fra andre plager.

Hjorth en Norsk helseforsker sier at man er i god helse når man mestre livets utfordringer for seg selv.

Begge er  informative innen yrket med eldre og yngre brukere som har nedsatt funksjon og som  trenger pleie og omsorg.

Det er i lyset av disse beskrivelsene at en hoved oppgave for omsorgsarbeider er å tilrettelegge hverdagen slikt at mennesker trives i de tre områdene ovennevnte og takle det som de er i stand til å oppnå eller overkommer, med hensyn til deres begrensinger.  At de som pasient eller bruker får følelser av velvære og mestring.

Fysiske Aktivitet

  • Forberedende mot Sykdom
  • Bidra til raskere Bedring
  • Hjelpe med avrusing
  • Opprettholde styrke i kroppen og balanse
  • Psykisk Velvære
  • Utholdenhet
  • Bedre Søvn
  • Forberedende mot mange vanlige Livsstilsykdommer
    • Demens
    • Hjerte og Kar (vaskuler) Sykdom
    • Fedme og overvekt
    • Ledd og Beinmasse Sykdommer
    • Angst og Depresjon
  • Utsetter eller demper sykdom og nedsatt funksjon relaterte til høy alder
  • Opprettholder smidighet og balanse
    • I bedre stand til å stelle og klær på seg selv
    • mindre utsatt for fall og så beinbrudd !!
    • Bedre mobilitet hjemme og i sammfunnet
    • DERMED – eldre eller handikappe kan bo hjemme for seg selv lengre eller nyte bedre livskvalitet i omsorgsbolig, hospits eller sykehjem
  • Demper osteoporose ved å styrke beinveve
  • Utholdenhet i Andre av Livets Utfordringer og Aktiviteter
  • Bidra til positive innstillinger mot hverdagen og utfordringer – takle mer, bedre utholdenhet både fysisk og mentalt
  • Søvn og oksygen føring relaterte økt fysiske aktivitet demper eller utsetter symptomer på demens pga hjernen ikke bygge  opp protein plaketter og andre tegninger på sykdommen.

Form for Fysiske Aktivitet

Trening – Kardiovaskulær  – intensivt eller utholdenhet

Styrke Trening  – muskler og beinmasse ; kjerne stabilitet  og ledd  vil bidra til balanse

Balanse Trening – utfordre muskler og hjernens balansefunksjon med enkelte øvelser. Styrk små støtte muskler gjennom kroppen og ledd.

Alle tre går hånd-i-hånd for å fremme bedre livskvalitet og glede av å trene mer på sikt.

Få Brukere/Pasienter i Fysiske Aktivitet

I rekkefølge av hvordan man tilnærmer temaet

  • Oppmuntre
  • Motivere
  • Informere
  • Veilede

Oppmuntre – å finne ut hva brukeren liker sjøl eller mener er gøy, å gi forslag, , involvere andre, gjør det sosialt og sette tidspunktet som passer holder man til det.

Motivere – fokusere på fordelene i de tre faktorer ovenfor – fysisk, mentalt, sosialt. Diskuterer mål og det som kan oppnås. Sette mål for hver  øvelser og på sikt, utfordre nok men ikke er for høyt i første omgang. Lokke med belønning. ( positive forsterkninger. Bruker musikk og ressurser som blir tilknyttet positive erfaringer under veis.

Informere – når pasient viser motstand til de lokke teknikkene ovenfor, da er det å informere dem om konsekvensene av stillesittende eller lav aktivitetsnivå men hensyn til medisinske råd, lokale retningslinjer og god praksis som de har fått. Gjør observasjoner om pasients tilstand eller plager nå og hvordan de kan enten lettes litt med innsats eller kan bli verre ved varende inaktivitet.

Veilede – ved alle over nevnte skal man da veileder i hvordan en programm eller type aktivitet skal utføres, hvilken forventninger og må kan oppnås, og de positive effektene av økt fysiske aktivitet og øvelser som helsefagarbeideren skal utføre med dem.

Where Does It Go From Here on the Water??

To be honest right now I don’t quite know where to begin in even setting some new challenges, technical goals or bucket lists in sailing.

I am at a stage many racers find themselves, that racing is like another day at the office and why bother when there are new experiences to be had elsewhere in life When your budget is typical of our generation, struggeling to buy a house big enough for the bairns and inlaws, then why go to the expense of a monster mortgage on house and boat? What is there to be bothered about?

Well I am not quite so cynical but I am too fond of rationalising things away into the old time, money and payback for investment equation. If I have the time off, will I be making enough money? For the time off I have , will I be able to train enough to win races at the nationals? If I use so much time on doing next season as this,will i even enjoy it ?

There are admittedly a lot of impractical routes I could choose which would just not be very rewarding. Dinghy racing sixty miles away. Delivering boats using holiday allowance. Jumping ship on the Melges to sail more often and with better sailors. These just dont work on the end of the equation, I am down on time and money but not a lot up in enjoyment and to be frank, social fulfillment.

I know I have a lot to learn still, but feel I have so much better a grounding now, like my shoulders can drop again as they did in my most successful years 1997-2008. But I need to learn how to learn. it’s hard being old and cynical and a bit know it all, or a bit down on concentration. Where to start? Planning seems like one way to get moving, but all those practicalities versus what I want and need to do in fact?

I have a share in a 27ft cruising boat, which could be brought up to racing standard, but it would be a waste of time. Or would it? Perhaps thats the project I need as they do race them OD around the place. I’m looking for someone to really enjoy chilling out on it, some pals or just a girly who can play guitar. Go to some anchorages I want drop the hook in and sleep by the gentle rocking

So deep in me now, after opening boxes of old family sailing holidays, I have a need to do some cruising and some general seamanship. That fulfills the equation. Racing is dear, time consuming and very much in diminishing returns and low return on large investment for me right now for the next two years ahead.

I have always had a deep need to cruise the Hebrides and follow in my father’s footsteps, despite having done four or is it five west highland weeks, Round Shuna with race past Easdale and Seil, and Round Mull with a stage win. We rushed past the fabled family places such as the Tresnish, Eigg and Tinker’s hole to get over the finish as quickly as possible. You are aware of the wonders of the west coast when you are racing passages, but you dont stick the bow in to look at waterfalls or find a tiny wee hook for the night all to yourselves. The excitement of racing in a fleet is hard to beat, but when you have done it a lot then beaten it can well be.

It is all a bit touchy feely, there are other things in sailing I need to achieve to get my own level of self satisfaction and confidence in my abilities up. So there are some practical learning issues, but in facty most of those can be learnt while cruising. Of course there is that old ‘performance plateauing’ which is necessary, putting in hours at one level just to be so damn ingrained in your helming that the next level can play out, while you are then in part on autopilot and in part prepared for the unexpected.

Manoerves, gear changes, and of course tactics all need polishing and refining, but really it is wind and tide strategy that I need to put my head back into, and I can do this by in large when cruising.

The wind then is a fickle mistress as any sailor worth theiir salt will tell you, It has shift patterns which are the most difficult to get your head round , or rather to get a routine for checking and responding to them drilled in for your racing and with your crew. When you throw in wind bands, and wind bends too, then you start to get a much more convoluted game of chess on the water than your usual boat on boat stuff. The beauty of windshifts and bends when cruising is that you have more than the easy time to gather data, and even change course to confrim where a band reaches, or the centre of a bend is, or if the shifts are really able to be timed with a stop watch.

Back to costs. Now I have a bit of a plan. Draw to the Hebrides and hire a boat and play out the wind shifts, stay still and time them, go into the wind bends, and most of all go to all the wee places my Dad did. Plan out passages, do some at night. Use only the compass and the depth sounder as my Dad would have done , with paper charts.

Set out and answer your own questions. How do I get better at sailing, how do I enjoy sailing more? How do I get out of the another day at the office rut? Perhaps in five years time you will have had a little spark and found a boat you can train up in to be world class, but what do you want out of sailing next season, and what weaknesses or gaps in knowledge and skills do you want to overcome?

The money, time and ROI equation stands infront of you,. Do you then give up most all in life to campaign a 49er ? Do you drop off shore crewing for helming a solo on a local lake? Do you take a year out from a train of the usual regattas and the usual frustrations and go cruising?

Any road will take you there if you dont know where you are going., Conversely if you know where you are eventually going, like me, then many roads seem like blind alleys and you are cautious at the crossroads,. I want to be a better helm, to win a few races here and in Scotland, to run a bigger boat in an OD fleet or to have a cruiser and a small racer with good racing at the side. I know I have been going that way for the last twenty years, I have had some cool diversions along the way, and some excellent building blocks in that time.

This blog is a bit touchy feely, and that is because sailing evokes a lot of emotions. Competition, the search for wisdom, joy, deflation, comradeship, fear, love. They are all in there. In sitting down to write I have been able to answer my own question. So I want you to ask yourself how do you feel about racing or sailing in general? Do you know how to define your ambitions and how to list your weaknesses? Are you able to learn from those you sail with or against now? Do you have mentors and teachers available? Or are you frustrated and don’t know what you are doing wrong? Do you need to do another year of be it travellers, Cowes Week, Scottish Series, Cork Week, Fastnet…..? Or would that be treading water for you?

The best advice I can offer is find a mentor, and that usually means sailing on said mentor’s boat, and dropping your own ego and ambitions a little. Sneak off maybe, dont ask the crew to come along. A typical managment tactic that, training budget for the department gets spent most on management with us plebs in the dark. Also eat your ego and down size your racing boat, go race dinghies in fact, the crack of the whip is harsher when you are reacting in the fraction of the second to wind and competitiors.

Panasonic Lumix DMC Lx100 – New Owner Review

Well I finally had an excuse to get an LX100 after four years of sitting on the fence. I was very much hoping Olympus would do a competitor based on the same 16 mpx or even a 20 mpx mFT sensor with a permanent zoom lens bolted on. Waiting no more, despite the probability than Panny will launch an LX200 this autumn, it will be dearer and no doubt have other drawbacks and devils.

Why To Buy an Lx 100 and Why Not?

The time is neigh to buy one because they are gonna stop making them. Right now , new, they are as cheap as they are going to get I would say, being around the 600euro/dollar mark. The new lx200 is likely to be nearer a

grand, although I dare say it will be a very much updated camera. Four years is long in the tooth for any camera these days, but Panasonic have invested in a long product life cycle, which could actually hit five years if they do not have a replacement this autumn.

Why not to buy? Well because there is that Lx200 coming along, probably with a touch screen and 16 effective megapixels based on a 20 mpx sensor. Other reasons not to buy used would be the Bete Noire of the camera, dust ingress in the lens or worse, on the sensor. This is a service centre job so look carefully at example shots and into the lens and dont buy without at least some recently dated shots being sent to you.

Otherwise we have the whole discussion about it being too big compared to the Sony RX100, or not big enough compared to the lens and chip dimensions of ‘full’ mFt offerings which are around this size. Yawn. The lense delivers what it can and is a better choice thann the RX100 for soft backgrounds with silky smooth bokeh as they call it. You are getting NEAR full mFT or DSLR qaulity in a compact with a very fast lens and a useable focal legnth-range.

I think the main reason to buy one is the fact that the camera is pretty much a dream – a high qaulity second travel camera – for those of us who grew up with 35mm film and manual controls. It has an Aperture ring for

Aperture RIng!! put that and the shutter speed dial to A, and you have full auto. Move either or, and you choose A or S, and move both off “A” and you have manual control. No menus or looking at the screen.

gods sake! The physical controls more than make up for the lack of touch screen, and ensure that you can spend your concentration ‘head out of camera’ just using the dials for shooting and altering exposure or other settings.

Another neat little feature, a hard switch for focus modes, middle being Macro.

Drawbacks of the LX100

A major drawback is the ingress of dust in the lens and onto the chip. This affects a notable number of users and is a s I say, the bete noire of the camera. This is getting in on the lens barell most likely and so it is something which affects other cameras too. It is a service job. Variable results of contacting panny are reported on the web. some no problem, fixed quite quickly, other countries or regions, not good.

Other drawbacks versus some other cameras include the ‘reach’ ie 75mm in high res, at the long end of the zoom. Also the buttons are fairly easy to tap or rub with your cheek , and using a wheel in their menu system begs you to put touch screen on the wish list for the lx200. The wheel can be locked off though.

The reach is compensated for a but by having an optical 90mm in the lower res mode, dont quite understand this, but also there is a passible interpolated extended szoom , digital crop with re-pixelation, to about 135 and a full crop to 400. Horrid quality, but useful fo documenting something happening at a distance.

An annoyance relating to the start up is that the lens always extends out, and just auto retracts when finally on sleep. I have not found a shortcuyt to retraction other than switching off. So although start up is quick, the camera needs to be swithced off to go back in its case, travel bag or jacket pocket. It does sleep quicker if you are in picture view mode.

Another drawback for me personally, and many looking to get a travel compact and send daly snaps home ashm or post them on n FB, is JPEG colour room. The colours are skewed, garish reds, and a red tinge in shots. Green is lush and a little over saturated. Skin tones are kind of fake suntan due to the balance in their engines colour room. However you can choose NATURAL or SCENERY and further tone down the saturation, which drags the red to a natural look on screen imho. I have yet to try Portrait and adjust it, and also of course the camera is so advanced as to have a RAW developer programme in house! The picture of Tovdal above would have benefited from from being shot in RAW.

On that note the “HDR” function is hopeless- it offers a slight extension in dynamic range while having the issues of movement in mulit exposure, a green tinge in whites I saw, and some artefacts- pixelisation/banding. Any smart phone today will blow it away. A shame when this style has become part of my repertoire recently due to a Sony smart phone I bought with very good HDR.

For the Plus Sides

The plus sides are many – a bright and fast lens, very high quality physical controls, 4k video, I could go on. It is immediacy of control and user experience. More to follow, here are some pictures instead of many words